cauliflower farming in punjab

Sowing of seed should be done at a distance 8 to 10 centimeters between seedlings and 1.5-2 cm in the rows. Cauliflower is one of the most important vegetables grow in India and the scientific name of Cauliflower is Brassica oleracea var botrytis. An isolation distance of 1600 meter should be kept between different cole crops and different varieties of cauliflower. Generally, the cauliflower crop is required to give 200 kg of Nitrogen, 75 kg of phosphorus and 75 kg potassium per hectare for optimum yield. Stomp should be applied one day before transplanting the seedlings in the moist soil conditions. He works for more than nine years as an agri-entrepreneur. Contact no: 0761-4922877, 7999049991, 7999775252, 7987777677 Cauliflower yield depends upon production season and breed varieties. Cauliflower crop is ready for harvest  90-120 days after planting. It is a European origin probably develop from broccoli.In India, cauliflower cultivation is done in almost all the states, but main states are Bihar, U. P., Orissa, Assam, M.P., Gujarat and Haryana. Protect seedlings in the nursery beds against sun stroke with sarkanda thatch. Mid-Early Varieties are Improved Japanese, Pusa Hybrid- 2, Pusa Sharad, Pant Gobhi- 4. Cauliflower seeds are head-shaped. Apply Basalin 45 EC (fluchloralin) @ 750 ml per acre 4 days before transplanting the seedlings. Mid Late Varieties are Pusa Synthetic, Pant Shubhra, Pusa Shubhra, Pusa Himjyoti, Punjab Giant 35. If the curds are exposed directly to bright sunlight, they lose some of their flavors and turn yellow; thereby it becomes a low-quality product. Weeding and intercultural operation must be from time to time. Cauliflower is a cool-season crop and a descendant of the common cabbage. The optimum temperature of growth for young seedlings is around 230C which at later growing stage drops to 17-200C. After curing they should be thrashed and cleaned. Cauliflower is a cool-season vegetable the best curds produces in the cool and slightly moist climate condition. The seed must be covered with sand and FYM mixture. It should be shallow so as not to disturb the root system. The Cauliflower varieties can be grouped as early, mid-early, mid-late and late-season varieties based on maturity groups. Main season varieties are sown during September to October and are ready for harvest from December to January, while late-season varieties are sown during October to December and harvested from mid-January to April end. It is sensitive to high acidity, and the optimum soil pH for maximum production is 5.5 to 6.0. Verify transplants for aphids before planting. The requirements of fertilizer and Manure for cauliflower crop are depended upon the fertility of the soil. It is a European origin probably develop from broccoli. After that drench fungicide like Captan or Thiram at the rate  2 g/l of water to prevent the incidence of fungal diseases. Make Nursery beds with one meter wide and fifteen cm in hight. For cauliflower cultivation in an Early season: 600g-750 gm/ ha, Mid and late season: 400-500 gm/ha seed required. Plant seed spacings that are squarer will aid in providing a more uniform crop. Herbicides are obtainable to use on a Cauliflower crop. After curing they should be thrashed and cleaned. Subsequent irrigations can be given at an interval of 7-8 days during summer and 10-15 days during winter depending upon soil type and weather. Cauliflower farming in polyhouse is moderately sensitive to salinity in soil and water. Herbicide should be thoroughly incorporated into the soil with the help of light harrowing. Otherwise, it prematurely “button”—form small button-size heads—rather than forming one, nice white head. Irrigation at the wrong time can cause some problems such as head rot of Cauliflower. It is grown for its edible flowering head and consume as a vegetable in curries, soups, and pickles. It consists of tying with twine or securing with a rubber band the tips of the outer leaves at the top of the curd. If you plant to attempt growing cauliflower in the home garden, it requires consistently cool temperatures with temperatures in the 60s. Nitrogen 100  kg, 75 kg phosphorus and 75 kg potash should be applied at the time of transplanting. it has achieved importance as one of the important and popular vegetables in various parts of the world. Mid Late Varieties are Pusa Synthetic, Pant Shubhra, Pusa Shubhra, Pusa Himjyoti, Punjab Giant 35. The curds should be harvested at the marketable stage. Delay in harvesting causes loosening of the curd. it is more tolerant to salinity than lettuce but somewhat less tolerant to salinity than broccoli. Stomp 30 EC (pendimethalin) 1 liter/acre or Stomp 30 EC 750 ml followed by one hoeing 35 days after transplanting can also be used. Weeds compete with the intended crop for nutrients, which can lead to a reduction in the harvest as well as a delay in crop maturation. Normal temperature cauliflower can be stored for 3 to 4 days and below to 0  with 85 to 90% humidity in 30 days. Cauliflower grows well on wide range of soils from sandy loam to clay. The curds should be sent to markets in baskets after proper grading and packing. Seeds should be covered with soil and FYM mixture. Seedlings become ready for transplanting after 4 – 5 weeks. Late Varieties are Pusa snowball-1, Pusa snowball K-1, Ooty-1. When pods turn brown, they should be harvested two or three times. You may also like the Ginger Farming Income, Project Report. Soils with high moisture- holding capacity are preferred in a late-season since water stress adversely affects curd development.

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