Due to this integration of styles, the castle is made up of elements of the Renaissance, Baroque and Classicist styles. The pharmaceutical sector developed at the end of the 19th century. While its football team plays in the sixth-tier Landesliga Sachsen, its volleyball section has a team in the women's Bundesliga. It was the centre of Bezirk Dresden (Dresden District) between 1952 and 1990. , During the final months of the Second World War, Dresden harboured some 600,000 refugees, with a total population of 1.2 million. Only a few years later, Dresden suffered heavy destruction in the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), following its capture by Prussian forces, its subsequent re-capture, and a failed Prussian siege in 1760. Since reunification, the ceremony has taken on a more neutral and pacifist tone (after being used more politically during the Cold War). Firestorm: The Bombing of Dresden. Dresden is home to a number of renowned universities, but among German cities it is a more recent location for academic education. In Dresden there are three Leibniz Institutes. , With a pleasant location and a mild climate on the Elbe, as well as Baroque-style architecture and numerous world-renowned museums and art collections, Dresden has been called "Elbflorenz" (Florence of the Elbe).  The Herkuleskeule (Hercules club) is an important site in German-speaking political cabaret. There are four nature reserves. There are two main inter-city transit hubs in the railway network in Dresden: Dresden Hauptbahnhof and Dresden-Neustadt railway station. Its musical ensemble is the Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden, founded in 1548. The city was known as the Jewel Box, because of its baroque and rococo city centre. The most important railway lines run to Berlin, Prague, Leipzig and Chemnitz. Detailed and high-resolution maps of Dresden, Germany for free download. Their best performances came during World War II, when they were twice German champions, and twice Cup winners. Many locations and areas need to be protected by walls and sheet pilings during floods.  Bündnis 90/Die Grünen, Die Linke, SPD and Die Partei voted in favour of the statement. We have reviews of the best places to see in Dresden. The Saxon State Opera descends from the opera company of the former electors and Kings of Saxony. Dresden’s Striezelmarkt is one of the largest Christmas markets in Germany and is considered the first genuine Christmas market in the world.  This military complex, named after Saxon King Albert, was not specifically targeted in the bombing of Dresden, though it was within the expected area of destruction and was extensively damaged. Among other things, the statement calls on strengthening democracy, protecting human rights and raising spending on (political) education. The garrison saw only limited use between 1918 and 1934, but was then reactivated in preparation for the Second World War. , Dresden hosts many research institutes, some of which have gained an international standing. , Dresden has a large tramway network operated by Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe, the municipal transport company. As part of the Helmholtz Association it is one of the German Big Science research centres. Pimlico, 2006. The Allies described the operation as the legitimate bombing of a military and industrial target. In addition, significant art collections and museums were founded. Carl Maria von Weber and Richard Wagner had a number of their works performed for the first time in Dresden. About Saxony (Sachsen): The Facts: Capital: Dresden.  Starting in October 2014, PEGIDA, a nationalistic political movement based in Dresden has been organizing weekly demonstrations against what it perceives as the Islamization of Europe at the height of the European migrant crisis. , In 2019, the Dresden City Council passed a policy statement against "anti-democratic, anti-pluralist, misanthropic and right-wing-extremist developments". The quarters I, II, IV, V, VI and VIII have since been completed, with quarter III and quarter VII still partly under construction in 2020. Dresden has 13 twin cities:, Although Dresden is often said to be a Baroque city, its architecture is influenced by more than one style. It was given to Friedrich Clem after death of Henry the Illustrious in 1288.  Nearby sights include the National Park of Saxon Switzerland, the Ore Mountains and the countryside around Elbe Valley and Moritzburg Castle. , The Fraunhofer Society hosts institutes of applied research that also offer mission-oriented research to enterprises. Performances include dance and music. See the best attraction in Dresden Printable Tourist Map. The city administration provided all the conditions and comforts for cyclists, including special paths and the parking places near every shop. Bands play live concerts for free in the streets and there are refreshments and food. Dresden hosted some international summits in recent years, such as the Petersburg Dialogue between Russia and Germany, the European Union's Minister of the Interior conference and the G8 labour ministers conference. Important contemporary buildings include the New Synagogue, a postmodern building with few windows, the Transparent Factory, the Saxon State Parliament and the New Terrace, the UFA-Kristallpalast cinema by Coop Himmelb(l)au (one of the biggest buildings of Deconstructivism in Germany), and the Saxon State Library. The Dresden Heath is a large forest located in the northeast of Dresden and one of the city's most important recreation areas. Like many places in the eastern parts of Germany, Dresden has an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), with significant continental influences due to its inland location. Until the outbreak of World War I, Hellerau was a centre for European modernism with international standing.  The motion was originally put forward by the satirical political party Die Partei. Currently, the club is a member of the 2. The destruction from this "millennium flood" is no longer visible, due to the speed of reconstruction. Dresden is the traditional location for army officer schooling in Germany, today carried out in the Offizierschule des Heeres. About Dresden: The Facts: State: Saxony. Dresden has a broadcasting centre belonging to the Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk.
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