The previous figure, in force from 1962 to 2015, was 0.7 to 1.2 ppm. Here are some facts supporting the use of fluoride: Here are some arguments against its use, from the IAOMT: The controversy continues over whether it is a good idea to add fluoride to water or not. It is also used in the following dental products: Not all fluoride exposure is due to adding the chemical to water and dental products. (NCI04) Sodium fluoride is a chemical that consists of a combination of positively charged sodium ions and negatively charged fluoride ions. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional, Respiratory failure in COVID-19 usually not driven by cytokine storm, Link between food insecurity and cardiovascular death found, COVID-19: High blood sugar raises death risk in those without diabetes, Drug to reduce bleeding could treat COVID-19, COVID-19 live updates: Total number of cases passes 60 million, Comparing biking and running for fitness and weight loss, Canker sore in the throat: Remedies, causes, and more, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT. The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) sets the optimal level of fluoride for preventing tooth decay at 0.7 ppm, or 0.7 milligrams (mg) in every liter of water. It exists as a white powder that easily dissolves in water. The proportion of children with no decay in their permanent teeth rose by 14 percent. It is similar to adding vitamins to foods. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) aims to protect people from over-exposure to toxic chemicals. It is important not to use any fluoride supplements without first speaking to a dentist. Everyone can benefit from added dental protection, but those who can benefit particularly are people who: Most public health authorities and medical associations worldwide recommend that children and adults receive some fluoride, to protect their teeth from decay. Using fluoride in water to protect teeth reduces the need for costly dental procedures. Breastfeeding infants or making up formula milk with fluoride-free water can help protect small children from fluorosis. Levels above 4 ppm could be hazardous. This does not affect the health of the teeth, but the discoloration may be noticeable. All rights reserved. Adding fluoride, says the ADA, is like fortifying milk with vitamin D, orange juice with calcium, or cereals with B vitamins and folic acid. It sets the maximum allowable level at 4 ppm, and a secondary maximum level at 2 ppm. The researchers measured fluoride levels in 299 women during pregnancy and in their children between the ages of 6 and 12 years. Protection from demineralization: When bacteria in the mouth combine with sugars, they produce acid. Many people worldwide cannot afford the cost of regular dental checks, so adding fluoride can offer savings and benefits to those who need them. Adding fluoride to the water supply reduces the incidence of tooth decay. Children had 35 percent fewer decayed, missing, or filled baby teeth. This is remineralization. The World Health Organization (WHO) notes that long-term exposure to drinking water that contains more than 1.5 ppm fluoride can lead to health problems. It is used in trace amounts in the fluoridation of drinking water, toothpaste, in metallurgy, as a flux, and is also used in pesticides and rat poison. Too much fluoride can lead to dental fluorosis or skeletal fluorosis, which can damage bones and joints. In 2000, German researchers reported that tooth decay fell in cities where fluoride ceased to be added to the water. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Studies continue to show that adding fluoride to water supports dental health. They suggested that their findings might support the argument that caries can continue to fall if the concentration of fluoride is reduced from 1 part per million (ppm) to below 0.2 ppm. As with any substance, excess intake or exposure can be harmful. Read more here. Lower calcium concentrations in bones make them more susceptible to fractures. However, concerns have arisen regarding fluoride’s effect on health, including problems with bones, teeth, and neurological development. Exposure to high concentrations of fluoride during childhood, when teeth are developing, can result in mild dental fluorosis. Fluoride is found naturally in soil, water, and foods. This can result in hyperparathyroidism, which involves uncontrolled secretion of parathyroid hormones. Biking and running are exercises that can benefit a person's health and fitness. Higher levels of fluoride were associated with lower scores on IQ tests. There is enough fluoride in the water already, without adding more. Excessive exposure to fluoride has been linked to a number of health issues. In areas where water naturally contains higher levels of fluoride, community water systems must ensure that the maximum level is no higher than 4 ppm. Water authorities add fluoride to the municipal water supply, because studies have shown that adding it in areas where fluoride levels in the water are low can reduce the prevalence of tooth decay in the local population. changing the structure of the developing enamel in children under the age of 7 years, so that it is more resistant to acid attack, providing an environment where better quality enamel is formed, which is more resistant to acid attack, reducing the ability of bacteria in plaque to produce acid, have had bridges, crowns, braces, and other restorative procedures, have a history of tooth decay or cavities. Over many years, this can result in pain and damage to bones and joints. Fluoride is a neurotoxin which, in high doses, can be harmful. In the right amounts, fluoride helps prevent dental decay. Brita filters work in a similar way to other filters to remove certain components and contaminants from water. This acid can erode tooth enamel and damage our teeth. In 2017, a report was published suggesting that exposure to fluoride before birth could lead to poorer cognitive outcomes in the future. https://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-503/fluoride-sodium-oral/details Fluoride can protect teeth from demineralization that is caused by the acid. In some cases, excess fluoride can damage the parathyroid gland. They tested cognitive ability at the ages of 4 years and between 6 and 12 years. It is a common source of fluoride in the production of pharmaceuticals and is used to prevent dental cavities. It is a colorless or white solid that is readily soluble in water. The American Dental Association (ADA) says fluoride in water benefits communities because it: Fluoride is present in natural water. The WHO’s guideline limit is 1.5 ppm. USES: Sodium fluoride makes teeth more resistant to decay and bacteria that cause cavities.
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